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    James E. Musslewhite

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    Navalca St. Purok 9, San Juan, Surigao City
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    computers, Horticulture, agriculture, farming, fishing, hugging my wife daily, and playing with my son, and pissing off people on the forum.

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  1. United States Embassy Manila, Philippines Message for U.S. Citizens: U.S. Embassy Closure November 13-15, 2017 due to ASEAN Summit November 8, 2017 Due to road closures and other events related to the 31st Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit and Related Summits, the U.S. Embassy would like to inform residents and visitors of the following: The Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy will be closed to the public for routine services Monday, November 13 through Wednesday, November 15, 2017. No visa appointments or other services will be available. Assistance will be available only to U.S. citizens requiring emergency services. U.S. citizens requiring emergency assistance should contact the U.S. Embassy at (63) (2) 301-2000. From November 11 to 15, the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) will temporarily close portions of EDSA, Roxas Boulevard, and other roads to accommodate delegates attending the ASEAN Summit. Road access to the U.S. Embassy compound on Roxas Boulevard will be severely curtailed or blocked during this time. The U.S. Embassy encourages citizens to monitor local media for updates on road, airport, and other facility closures and traffic delays throughout Metro Manila during this time period. For further information: See the State Department's travel website for the Worldwide Caution, Travel Warnings, Travel Alerts, and the Philippines Country Specific Information. Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency. Contact the U.S. Embassy in Manila, Philippines, located at 1201 Roxas Boulevard, at +(63) (2) 301-2000, from 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. After-hours emergency number for U.S. citizens is +(63) (2) 301-2000. Call 1-888-407-4747 toll-free in the United States and Canada or 1-202-501-4444 from other countries from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays). Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
  2. Master List of PDF Files: 9th International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology & Management 10th International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the South China Sea, Area III Western Philippines A Community Guide to Monitoring Crayfish (Rock Lobster) Populations Advancement of rotifer culture and manipulation techniques in Europe Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology Advances in aquaculture research and development - Biennial report 1998 and 1999 A Fishery Manager’s Guidebook Age and Growth of Spiny Lobster Panulirus Polyphagus HERBST of Bombay Water Agonistic behaviour in juvenile southern rock lobster, Jasus edwardsii (Decapoda, Palinuridae): implications for developing aquaculture A Guide to Lobstering in Maine A HANDBOOK FOR LOBSTER FISHERMEN OF THE TROPICAL PACIFIC ISLANDS A late-stage phyllosoma larva of the spiny lobster Panulirus echinatus Smith, 1869 (Crustacea: Palinuridae) identified by DNA analysis A Manual for Rural Freshwater Aquaculture A multiplex PCR-based protocol for identification and quantification of (Vibrio harveyi) related species A Note on the Occurrence of the Puerulus of the Spiny Lobster Panulirus polyphagus (HERBST) in Zuari Estuary in Goa A Practical Guide to Setting Up Your Tropical Freshwater Aquarium (2000) A Preliminary Study of the Costs of Operating a Lobster Hatchery in Orkney and the Development of an Economic Model for Future Hatchery Programmes A Rearing System for the Culture of Ornamental Decdecapod Crustacean Larvae A simple collector for postlarvae of the spiny lobster Panulirus argus An Assessment of the Aquacultute Potential of the Caribbean Spiny Lobster, Panurilus argus An Ecological Assessment of Queensland’s East Coast Tropical Rock Lobster Fishery An Ecological Assessment of Queensland’s East Coast Tropical Rock Lobster Fishery An Illustrated hatchery guide for the production of clawed lobsters. (Using a green water technique) An Illustrated Hatchery Guide to Producing European Clawed lobster (Homarus Gammarus) 2009 An Overview of Aquaculture Sector in Vietnam An Overview of Philippine Fisheries Alien Terrestrial Arthropods of Europe, Part 1. Alien Terrestrial Arthropods of Europe, Part 2. Algae for Aquaculture and Animal Feeds Amphipod Newsletter (2011) Application of a gelatinous zooplankton tank for the mass production of larval Caribbean spiny lobster, (Panulirus argus) Aquaculture Certification News (Apr. 2004) Aquaculture Certification News (Aug. 2004) Aquaculture Engineering 2nd ed - Odd-Ivar Lekang (Wiley, 2013) Aquaculture Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants (Second edition) Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Biology 2007/2008 Aquaculture Virology Aquaponic Gardening Aquaponics Common Sense Guide Aquaponics Guide Aquarium Plants - 1st Edition (2002) AQUATIC BIOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY - A Selected List of Books Are juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus) becoming less social? Artificial Reefs for Lobsters An Overview of Their Application for Fisheries Enhancement, Management, and Conservation Artificial shelters (casitas) as habitats for juvenile spiny lobsters Panulirus argus in the Mexican Caribbean Australian Museum Description of Key Species Groups in the East Marine Region Final Report – September 2007 A vessel‐deployed passive postlarval collector to assess settlement of the American lobster Homarus americanus Backyard Aquaponics - A GUIDE TO BUILDING AN AQUAPONIC SYSTEM Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 1 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 2 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 3 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 4 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 5 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 6 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 7 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 8 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 9 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 10 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 11 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 12 Backyard Aquaponics magazine Issue 13 Backyard Farming Issue 2 (2010) BAP Pangasius Standards Available For Public Comment Basic Principles of Aquaculture I Biochemical and molecular characterization of hemolytic Bacillus licheniformis strains isolated from shrimp and clam aquacultures Biodiversity of marine zooplankton in Southeast Asia (Project-3: Plankton Group) – Chapter 5 Bioeconomics of Spiny Lobster Farming in Indonesia Biology, larval transport modelling and commercial logbook data analysis to support management of the NE Queensland rock lobster Panulirus ornatus fishery Biology of spiders Black gill disease of cage-cultured ornate rock lobster Panulirus ornatus in central Vietnam caused by Fusarium species Breeding and Hatchery Technology Development of Spiny Lobsters and Crabs - A Review Captive Breeding and Seed Production - Opening New Vistas in Crustacean Aquaculture CaribbeanNMFS Cooperative SEAMAP Program- Spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, Assessment Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus (Latreille, (Latreille, 1804) Changes in the Scalloped Spiny Lobster, Panulirus Homarus Biological Structure after a Shift of the Fishing Season Chapter 13: Commercial Syllarides Choosing an Appropriate Live Feed for Larviculture of Marine Fish Comparison of catches on two types of collector of recently settled stages of the spiny lobster (Panulirus argus), Florida, United States Conclusion of Research on Capture and Culture of Pre-settlement Fish for the Marine Aquarium Trade in Solomon Islands Confirmation of External Fertilization in the American Lobster, Homarus Americanus Conservation of Rare, Threatened and Endangered Fishery Species – Fisheries Administrative (Order NO. 208, Series of 2001) RPDA Considerations in Hatchery Design for the Prevention of Diseases Copepods in first feeding of European lobster and Bluefin tuna Crayfish CRUSTACEANS STRUCTURE, ECOLOGY AND LIFE CYCLE CSIRO Studies Dry Feeds For Juvenile Spiny Lobsters CULTURE OF GIANT FRESHWATER PRAWN: PHILIPPINES Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus, 1878) Decapod Crustacean Phylogenetics (Crustacean Issues) Defensive enrolment in mantis shrimp larvae (Malacostraca: Stomatopoda) Demography, fishery yield and potential management strategies of painted spiny lobster (Panulirus versicolor) at Northwest Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia Department of Marine and Fisheries (1912-1913) - Fisheries Description of the larval morphology of captive reared Panulirus ornatus spiny lobsters, benchmarked against wild-caught specimens Design, Operation and Economics of a Small-scale Hatchery for the Larval Rearing of Sugpo, (Penaes Monodon) Fab Determination of Preferred Habitats of Early Benthic Juvenile California Spiny Lobster (Panulirus interruptus), on the Pacif Coast of Baja California Sur. Mexico Determining the Diet of Larvae of Western Rock Lobster (Panulirus cygnus) Using High-Throughput DNA Sequencing Techniques Development of spiny lobster aquaculture in Indonesia Developments in hatchery technology for striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) Digestive enzyme profiles of spiny lobster (Jasus edwardsii) phyllosoma larvae Disease effects on lobster fisheries, ecology, and culture: overview of DAO Special 6 Diseases of crabs and lobster Diseases of spiny lobsters: A review Dispersion and Morphology of Caribbean Spiny Lobster Distribution of Phyllosoma Larvae (Crustacea Decapoda, Palinuridae, Scyllaridae and Synaxidae) in the Western North Pacific Dr. Axelrod's Atlas of Freshwater Aquarium Fishes - 9th Revised Edition (2004) EARLY LARVAL STAGES OF THE SPINY LOBSTERS, Panulirus homarus, Panulirus versicolor AND Panulirus ornatus CULTURED UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS Easy DIY Aquaponics - Let the Fish Grow Your Organic Food - By Andrew C Endres Ecological Studies of the Puerulus Larval Stage of the California Spiny Lobster (Panulirus Interruptus) Ecology of the Planted Aquarium - A Practical Manual and Scientific Treatise for the Home Aquarist (1999) Effects of artificial shelters (Casitas) on the abundance and biomass of juvenile spiny lobsters Panulirus argus in a habitat-limited tropical reef lagoon Effect of bioactive products on innate immunity and development of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) larvae Effect of Nannochloropsis salina on the survival and growth of phyllosoma of the tropical spiny lobster, Panulirus homarus L. under laboratory conditions Effect of photoperiod on the culture of early-stage phyllosoma and metamorphosis of spiny lobster (Sagmariasus verreauxi) Effect of stocking density on growth and survival rate of Spiny Lobster (Panulirus polyphagus) in cage culture system Effect of Temperature on Ovarian Maturation Stages and Embryonic Development of Mud Spiny Lobster, Panulirus polyphagus Effects of Artemia enrichment with microalgae on the survival and growth of Panulirus homarus phyllosoma larvae Effects of different water treatments on microbial communities when startfeeding European lobster (Homarus gammarus) Effects of pellet shape and size on production of spiny lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Encyclopedia of Aquarium & Pond Fish (DK Publishing) (2008) Euryhaline rotifer Proales similis as initial live food 1 for rearing fish with small mouth Evaluate of heavy metal concentration in shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus) and crab (Portunus pelagicus) with INAA method Experimental transmission and tissue tropism of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in two species of lobsters, Panulirus homarus and Panulirus ornatus Exploitation of puerulus settlement for the development of tropical rock lobster aquaculture in the Indo-West Pacific Farming of spiny lobsters in sea cages in India Fatty acid profiles of phyllosoma larvae of western rock lobster Panulirus Cygnus in cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies of the Leeuwin Current off Western Australia Feasibility Study December 2014: Port Erroll Visitor Centre and Lobster Hatchery Feasibility study Final Report: Improving lobster grow-out and nutrition in Nusa Tenggara Barat - ACIAR-SADI research report Feasibility Study: A Yorkshire Coast Lobster Hatchery Fecundity and viability of eggs in wild breeders of spiny lobsters, Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus, 1758), Panulirus versicolor (Latrielle, 1804) and Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius, 1798) Feed intake and its relation to foregut capacity in juvenile spiny lobster, Jasus edwardsii Feeding and Digestion in the Phyllosoma Larvae of Ornate Spiny Lobster, Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius) and the Implications for their Culture Feeding of a larval clinid fish in a microtidal estuary from southern Chile Feeding strategies for aquaculture of postpuerulus and juvenile tropical rock lobster P. ornatus Feeds Development for Post-larval Spiny Lobster - A Review FFA Spiny Lobster (1992) Fish and Amphibians (Britannica Illustrated Science Library) (2009) Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance Fourth Edition – APRIL 2011 Fish Farming in Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS) Fisheries Administrative (Order No. 79) Rules and regulation governing pearl culture Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Modern World (2016) Fisheries Management FISHERIES RESEARCH REPORT NO. 144, 2003, Towards establishing techniques for large scale harvesting of pueruli and obtaining a better understanding of mortality rates Fisheries Safety Handbook - Professional Safety Committee of the American Fisheries Society (December 2008) Fluoride Toxicity in Crayfish, Biology Department, Baylor University, Waco, Tx Food Quality Affects Secondary Consumers Even at Low Quantities: An Experimental Test with Larval European Lobster FRDC Project 1998/302 – Rock Lobster Enhancement and Aquaculture Subprogram: Towards establishing techniques for large scale harvesting of pueruli and obtaining a better understanding of mortality rates Freshwater Aquarium - 2nd Edition (2005) Freshwater Prawns - Biology and Farming (2010) Freshwater Aquarium (Your Happy Healthy Pet) - 2nd Edition (2005) Freshwater Prawns - Biology and Farming - M. New, et al., (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010) BBS From Egg to Plate - Norway's Lobster Farm Fussy Feeders - Phyllosoma Larvae of the Western Rocklobster (Panulirus cygnus) Demonstrate Prey Preference GAA - Hatchery Production Of Spiny Lobsters (Sept 11) Global Status of Crustacean Aquaculture – Lecture Outline Global Supply, Demand and Markets for Lobster, What are the Opportunities for N. American Lobster Grow-out Production of Nile Tilapia Growth Assessment of Spiny Lobster Panulirus homarus Under Open Sea Cage Culture in Tharuvaikulam of Tamil Nadu Coast South, India Growth and Mortality of Captive Caribbean Spiny Lobsters, Panulirus argus, in Florida, USA Growth and Survival of Ornate Spiny Lobster (Panulirus ornatus) in Nursery under Laboratory Condition Growth and reproduction of the painted spiny lobster (Panulirus versicolor) on the Great Barrier Reef (Australia) Growth of juvenile southern rock lobsters, Jasus edwardsii, is influenced by diet and temperature, whilst survival is influenced by diet and tank environment Growth of ornate rock lobsters, Panulirus ornatus, in Torres Strait, Australia Growth performance of spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus in land-based Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system Growth, repetitive breeding, and aquaculture potential of the spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus Gudjon Light traps Habitat use and growth of juvenile ornate rock lobsters, Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius, 1798), in Torres Strait, Australia Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries. Volume 1 Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries, Volume 2 Hatchery and farming of spiny lobster - A Review Hatchery Production Of Spiny Lobsters Hatchery Production Of Spiny Lobsters - Meeting Growing Demand For Premium Product Hatchery Technology and Seed Production of Lobsters Hermit Crab Your Happy Healthy Pet Hydroponics for the Home Grower (2015) Identification of an Antagonistic Probiotic Combination Protecting Ornate Spiny Lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Larvae against (Vibrio owensii) Infection Identification of Bacterial Community Composition in Freshwater Aquaculture System Farming of (Litopenaeus vannamei) Reveals Distinct Temperature-Driven Patterns Identification of Mid – to Final Stage Phyllosoma Larvae of the Genus Panulirus White, 1847 Collected in the Ryukyu Archipelago Impact of arachidonic acid enrichment of live rotifer prey on bacterial communities in rotifer and larval fish cultures Improving lobster grow-out and nutrition in Nusa Tenggara Barat a feasibility study INORGANIC NITROGENOUS WASTE PRODUCTION FROM THE SEA-CAGE AQUACULTURE OF SPINY LOBSTERS International Symposium on lobster Health Management: Proceedings Investigation into Development and Preparation of 'artificial' Feed Particles for Tropical Rock Lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Phyllosoma Juvenile and Adult Ecology, Chapter 8 Larval Connectivity and the International Management of Fisheries Larval Development of the European Lobster and How Small Heterochronic Shifts Lead to a More Pronounced Metamorphosis Larval Transport and Recruitment Process of Southern Rock Lobster Length weight Relationship of Lobster Panulirus versicolor (LATREILLE, 1804) (Family: Palinuridea) Off Thoothukudi Waters, Southeast Coast of India Lipid, fatty acid and protein content of late larval to early juvenile stages of the western rock lobster, Panulirus cygnus Lipid reserves used by pueruli of the spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii in crossing the continental shelf of New Zealand Lobster Aquaculture a commercial reality - A review Lobster Aquaculture In Eastern Indonesia Lobster aquaculture In Eastern Indonesia (Part I) Methods evolve for fledgling industry Lobster aquaculture In Eastern Indonesia (Part 2) Ongoing research examines nutrition, seed sourcing Lobster Biology and Management Lobster Culture and Live Transport Lobster diseases J. E. Stewart, Fisheries Research Branch, Department of Fisheries and Oceans; P.O.Box 550, Hallfax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3J 2S7 Lobster diversity of Palabuhanratu Bay, South Java, Indonesia with new distribution record of Panulirus ornatus, P. polyphagus and Parribacus antarcticus Lobster Hatcheries – Lobster Cultivation Lobster Hatcheries and Stocking Programmes - An Introductory Manual Lobster Holding Tank System Manual Lobsters Lobsters: ocean icons in changing times Marine Decapod Crustacea of Southern Australia A Guide to Identification Marine Zooplankton researches in Vietnam: An overview Marine Zooplankton studies in Thailand during 2001-2010 MASTERLIST OF REGISTERED LIVE FOOD FISH EXPORTERS AS OF AUGUST 03, 2011 (Philippines) Mating behaviour, oviposition and fertilization in the spiny lobster Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus) Maturation, spawning and production of phyllosoma larvae of Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus (Latreille 1803) in captivity Metabolism and chemical composition of phyllosoma larvae, with special reference to the tropical rock lobster Panulirus ornatus (Decapoda; Palinuridae) Microbial communities of larval rearing systems and wild phyllosoma of the ornate rock lobster, Panulirus ornatus, and options for microbial management in aquaculture Microbial community dynamics in a larval aquaculture system of the tropical rock lobster, Panulirus ornatus Microbial diversity of mid-stage Palinurid phyllosoma from Great Barrier Reef waters Microbial Diversity within Early-Stage Cultured (Panulirus ornatus) Phyllosomas Microbial diversity within the water column of a larval rearing system for the ornate rock lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Microbiological aspects of phyllosoma rearing of the ornate rock lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Modelling carbon deposition and dissolved nitrogen discharge from sea cage aquaculture of tropical spiny lobster Modelling of the effects of climate change on population dynamics of a spiny lobster, Panulirus penicillatus, fishery Molecular Species Identification of Spiny Lobster Phyllosoma Larvae of the Genus Panulirus from the Northwestern Pacific Morphology of the Male Gonads of the Spiny Lobster Panulirus laevicauda (Latreille, 1817) Multilingual Dictionary of Fish and Fish Products, 5th Edition National Fisheries Strategy (2012-2025) (Final Draft) - Republic of Yemen Ministry of Fish Wealth Near-Infrared Spectroscopy as a Novel Non-Invasive Tool to Assess Spiny Lobster Nutritional Condition New Caledonia lobster aquaculture trials: The season is here! New puerulus collector design suitable for fishery-dependent settlement monitoring New tank design for larval culture of Japanese spiny lobster Panulirus japonicas Notes on Some Indo-Pacific Pontoniinae. XXII. Pliopontonia Furtiva Gen. Nov., Sp. Nov., New Shrimp Associated with a Corallimorph Zoantharian Nutritional Value and Uses of Microalgae in Aquaculture Occurrence of Panulirus inflatus (Decapoda: Palinuridae) pueruli in the southeastern Gulf of California, Mexico Occurrence of shell disease and carapace abnormalities on natural population of Neohelice granulata (Crustacea: Varunidae) from a tropical mangrove forest, Brazil Ocean currents and the larval phase of Australian western rock lobster, Panulirus cygnus Oceanographic Currents and Local Ecological Knowledge Indicate, and Genetics Does Not Refute, a Contemporary Pattern of Larval Dispersal for The Ornate Spiny Lobster, Panulirus ornatus in the South-East Asian Archipelago Opportunities for the Holding/Fattening/Processing and Aquaculture of Western Rock Lobster (Panulirus cygnus) Presidential Task Force on Combating IUU Fishing and Seafood Fraud Palinurid and Scyllarid Lobster Larvae of the Natal Coast, South Africa Palinurid lobster aquaculture: Nutritional progress and considerations for successful larval rearing Panulirus argus postlarva performance fed with fresh squid Pathogenicity and Infection Cycle of (Vibrio owensii) in Larviculture of the Ornate Spiny Lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Philippine Fisheries in Crisis – A Framework for Management Philippine Fisheries Profile, 2002 Philippine National Standard, Organic Aquaculture Philippine Shellfish Bulletins (2016) Red Tides Phyllosoma Larvae and the Ocean Currents off the Hawaiian Islands Phyllosomata associated with large gelatinous zooplankton hitching rides and stealing bites Postlarval settlement of the spiny lobster Panulirus argus along the Caribbean coast of Mexico: Patterns, influence of physical factors, and possible sources of origin Principles and Practices of Pond Aquaculture Principles of Aquaculture Probiont niche specialization contributes to additive protection against (Vibrio owensii) in spiny lobster larvae Proceedings of the 1999 Fisheries Research and Development Corporation Rock Lobster Propagation Workshop Proceedings of the IFS 2012 - SHARING KNOWLEDGE FOR SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES IN THE SOUTH – EAST ASIA Proceedings of the Symposium on Coastal Aquaculture Puerulus of the spiny lobster Panulirus guttatus (Latreille, 1804) (Palinuridae) Rearing cuttings of the soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum (Octocorallia Alcyonacea) towards mass production in a closed seawater system Recent advances in fish hatchery management Recent settlement trends in Panulirus argus (Decapoda: Palinuridae) pueruli around St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands Regulation of serotonin levels by multiple light-entrainable endogenous rhythms Relative contribution of Artemia and mussel as food for cultured middle stage Panulirus japonicus phyllosomata as determined by stable nitrogen Relative efficacies of lobsters (Panulirus ornatus and P. homarus) cultured using pellet feeds and “trash” fish at Binh Ba Bay, Vietnam Replacement of Fish Meal with Fish Head Meal in the Diet on the Growth and Feed Efficiency of Spiny Lobster, Panulirus Ornatus Under Reared in Sea Net Cage Reproduction in the Tropical Rock Lobster Panulirus ornatus in Captivity Reproduction of the Ornate Rock Lobster, Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius), in Papua New Guinea Reproductive cues in Panulirus ornatus Republic of Yemen Ministry of Fish Wealth National Fisheries Strategy (2012-2025) Requirements for the aquaculture of Panulirus ornatus in Australia Research for Management of the Ornate Tropical Rock Lobster, Panulirus ornatus, Fishery in Torres Strait: Final Report on CSIRO Research, 1990–1993 Resistance to starvation of first-stage juveniles of the Caribbean spiny lobster Resource Management in Olango Island, Cebu – The Challenges and Opportunities Revealing the Natura Diet of the Phyllosoma Larvae of Spiny Lobster Review of Panulirus argus virus 1 - a decade after its discovery Revised Check List 0f Philippine Crustacean Decapods Rotifers, Artemia and copepods as live feeds for fish larvae in aquaculture Rotifers enriched with a mixed algal diet promote survival, growth and development of barramundi larvae (Lates calcarifer) Saltwater Aquarium Models Saltwater Aquariums for Dummies Scoping Paper: Matters Relevant to the Development of a Sustainable Allocation and Growout Model for Western Rock Lobster Pueruli Scoping Study: Lobster Grow-out Pilot Project, Yarrabah SEAFISH Lobster Hatcheries – Cultivation Seasonality and shelter selection by the slipper lobster Scyllarides latus in the southeastern Mediterranean Sensory evaluation of tropical rock lobster Panulirus ornatus Sexual maturation in captive spiny lobsters, Jasus edwardsii, and the relationship of fecundity and larval quality with maternal size Severe physiological stress associated with the annual breeding emigration of Panulirus ornatus in the Torres Strait Short-term impacts and value of a periodic no take zone (NTZ) in a community-managed small-scale lobster fishery, Madagascar Small-scale freshwater fish farming Small subunit rDNA and Bayesian inference reveal P. ornatus highly transformed Mytilicolidae, and support assignment of Chondracanthidae and Xarifiidae to Lichomolgoidea (Cyclopoida Solar Power - The Ultimate Guide to Solar Power Energy and Lower Bills Solar Power for Your Home Solar Power - The Ultimate Guide to Solar Power Energy and Lower Bills Solar Power Your Home for Dummies Spiny Lobster Spiny lobster Aquaculture development in Indonesia, Vietnam and Australia Spiny lobster Aquaculture in Vietnam, status, constraints and opportunities Spiny lobster Aquaculture in the Asia–Pacific region Spiny lobster Aquaculture in Vietnam status, constraints and opportunities Spiny Lobster Aquaculture Research on Slow-Growing Species To Improve Industry In Vietnam, Other Countries Spiny lobster development: where does successful metamorphosis to the puerulus occur?: a review Spiny Lobster Ecology and exploitation in the South China Sea region Spiny lobster-fishery in Palawan, Philippines: with considerations on its conservation and management Spiny Lobsters: Fisheries and Culture (Second Edition) Spiny Lobsters September 1961 Fishery Leaflet 523 Starvation and Recovery Ability of phyllosoma of the Tropical Spiny Lobsters (Panulirus ornatus) and (P. homarus) in Captivity Status of rock lobster farming in Southeast Asia and opportunity for Australia and New Zealand Stocking density and shelter type for the optimal growth and survival of western rock lobster Panulirus cygnus Sunrise release of larvae from the palinurid rock lobster Jasus edwardsii TAA Lobster Market Overview Technical Potential for Rock Lobster Propagation in Aquaculture Systems Temperature and Salinity Tolerances of the Tropical Spiny Lobster, Panulirus ornatus The Achilles heel for spiny lobsters: the energetics of the non-feeding post-larval stage THE COMPLETE DEVELOPMENT OF LARVAL CARIBBEAN SPINY LOBSTER PANULIRUS ARGUS (LATREILLE, 1804) IN CULTURE The Complete Idiots Guide to Composting The early phyllosoma stages of spiny lobster (Panulirus echinatus) Smith, 1869 (Decapoda Palinuridae) reared in the laboratory The Ecology of Spiny Lobsters (Jasus edwardsii) on Fished and Unfished Reefs The effect of climate change on the western rock lobster (Panulirus cygnus) fishery of Western Australia The Effect of Disinfection on Survival and Feed Quality of Rotifers (Brachionus Plicatilis) and Brine Shrimp (Artemia Sallina) The Effect of Male Size and Spermatophore Characteristics on Reproduction in the Caribbean Spiny Lobster, Panulirus argus The effect of ozonation on the survival, growth and microbiology of the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) The effect of predator prey density and water dynamics on feed intake and growth in spiny lobster larvae (Jasus edwardsii) The effect of temperature on the incubation of eggs of the tropical rock lobster Panulirus ornatus The effect of trap type and water depth on puerulus settlement in the spiny lobster aquaculture industry in Indonesia The Effects of Dietary Essential Fatty Acid Enrichment on the Nutrition and Condition of Red King CRAB (Paralithodes Camtschaticus) Larvae The effects of different routes of inulin administration on gut microbiota and survival rate of Indian white shrimp post-larvae (Fenneropenaeus indicus) The effects of trap fisheries on the populations of Caribbean spiny lobster and reef fish species at the Saba Bank The efficacy of dietary yeast mannan Oligosaccharide on growth and survival rate in (Amphiprion ocellaris) fingerlings The feasibility of aquaculture, aquaponics and a lobster hatchery in Amble The Fisheries of Central Visayas, Philippines : Status and Trends The Healthy Aquarium – Essential Advice and All Aspects of Aquarium Care The Indo-Pacific Lobster Panulirus onatus (Rustacea Decapoda) A New Lessepsian Migrant to the Eastern Mediterranean The life History of the Carribean Spiny Lobster, Panulirus Argus The Lobster Newsletter - Volume 25, Number 1: April 2012 The minute monogonont rotifer (Proales similis) de Beauchamp Culture and feeding to small mouth marine fish larvae The Pelagic Phase of Spiny Lobster Development The Perfect Protein THE PHILIPPINE FISHERIES CODE OF 1998 (RA No. 8550) THE PHYLLOSOMA LARVAE OF THE SPINY LOBSTER PANULIRUS ARGUSl The Potential Environmental Impacts from Spiny Lobster Aquaculture in Sea-cages The Second Hatchery Feeds and Technology Workshop The Secret Life of Lobsters How Fishermen and Scientists Are Unraveling the Mysteries of Our Favorite Crustacean (P.S.) The Solar Food Dryer Cheap. Simple. Easy to operate. The fuel is free THE STATE OF WORLD FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE (2010) The Urban Aquaponics Manual (2nd Edition) – How to Grow Fish and Planys in Your Backyard! The Urban Aguaponics Manual – Growing Fish and Plants in Your Own Backyards THE WITHAM COLLECORS TO INCREASE PRODUCTION IN LOBSTER (PANULIRUS ARGUS) MARICULTURE Thirty-Ninth Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries 1906 Fisheries Towards the development of a protocol for rearing juvenile rock lobster, (Jasus lalandii) Trevor Corson - The Secret Life of Lobsters - How Fishermen and Scientists Are Unravelling the Mysteries of Our Favourite Crustacean (2004) Tropical rock lobster aquaculture development - the next 10 years Tropical rock lobster aquaculture development in Vietnam, Indonesia and Australia Unama’kik Jakejue’ka’timk Food, Social, and Ceremonial Lobster Fishery Management Plan for Unama’ki 2007-2008 Use of lipofuscin for resolving cohorts of western rock lobster (Panulirus cygnus) Use of microspheres, fresh and microbound diets to ascertain dietary path, component size, and digestive gland functioning in phyllosoma of the spiny lobster (Panulirus ornatus) Vietnam Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector Study What is the Difference Between Lobsters and Crayfish? Workbook to Accompany Woodworking WSSV - White Spot Syndrome Virus Zooplankton biodiveristy in Southeast Asia An overview Zooplankton spatial abundance and distribution in the West Bay of Laguna de Bay (Philippines) with notes on potential implications of food and health security Zooplankton – Wandering Animals BOOKS: Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology A Fishery Manager’s Guidebook A Photographic Atlas of Marine Biology Aquaculture - Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants (2nd Ed) Aquaculture Engineering (2nd Ed) Aquaculture Principles and Practices (2nd Ed) Atlas of Crustacean Larvae Decapod Crustacean Phylogenetics Encyclopaedia of AquaCulture Feed and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Modern World Marine Decapod Crustacea of Southern Australia, A Gide to Identification The Urban Aquaponics Manual (2nd Ed)
  3. I had some members either send me PMs or emails over the last couple of mouths inquiring about the progress of the hatchery. It has been on hold for also a year now. We stopped work as the transporting of materials and labor was simply becoming too difficult and hazardous during the rainy season. Then in March we were hit with a 7.2 and two weeks later a 6.7 earthquakes. This cased some structural damage to the facility and made getting building materials difficult and our crew was needed in the city to help clear and repair the damage from the quakes. The Philippines department of fisheries a couple of months later green-lighted a government grant which will fund the completion of the Phase 1 stage of construction. Now it is just a mater of the funds being allocated and released which with luck will be after the first of the year. We will soon be entering our rainy season here which usually starts sometime during the last week of December and rains through mid April. So fingers crossed the grant will be allocated and construction will resume once the rains stop. I have been spending the off-time doing research and working on a new 6-part Youtube video series on lobster 'grow-out' production and lobster hatchery production. When I started writing the script for the first video it was originally only going to be a simple 30 minute video. But once I started going through all of my collected notes and collected PDFs and books, well that simple script has developed into 50 pages of tightly written (11 font size) text. I decided that if I was going to do this project than I was going to try to share as much useful information for the viewers. After six months working on this video project I presently only have 45 more PDFs left to read through, and once done there will still need some minor text restructuring and editing work which will still need to be completed. Once the script is finalized than I can start the voice-over work which will be edited using a program called 'Ocenaudio' . I have already accumulated the over 500 completed slides of various photos, drawings and diagrams which were edited using 'Microsoft Paint' which I have already uploaded onto a program called 'ProShow Producer' but I will need to do some minor reorganizing of the slides to match the script story line modifications. "ProShow Producer' will allow me to properly synchronize all the transition times of the slides to the voice-over recordings. At my current pace, and with a little bit of luck, I should have the video completed and uploaded onto Youtube before the end of this December. Those readers who are interested in lobster 'grow-out' production and lobster aquaculture, are seriously thinking of this as a possible business venture should find this first video to be quite informative. For the last six months I have scoured through my own research notes, my library of text books and well over 300 PDFS which I have compiled over the last seven years. As I read through these books and PDFs I decided to make a complete list of their titles which should assist reader who are interested in conducting your own personal research. I sincerely hope some will find this list to be useful.
  4. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    The hearing dates have been formally scheduled, The docket shows seven hearing dates for the presentation of the defense witnesses in this ongoing murder trial. These dates are as follows: April 4,5,9,11,12,16 and 18.
  5. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Well there is movement again in this court case. The judge who previously presided over the case which is presently before the Surigao City criminal court had retired during the trial which placed the proceedings on hold. The judge was assassinated earlier this year which has also perhaps slowed the process of continuance. There has now been a lady judge assigned as a replacement, but she needed time to read over all the court documents without the assistance of the deceased judge. Wednesday morning I was able to talk to the private Prosecutor, hired by the Doyle sisters, about the progress of the court case. Atty. Casurra is presently the Surigao City Vice-Mayor and his duties and that of his law practice makes it had to get some sit-down time, but I was lucky and caught him at his law office. Just by happenstance he had just returned from the Surigao City criminal courthouse for the scheduling of the hearing dates for the Defense to present their witnesses. Atty. Casurra was to return back to the courthouse to learn of the dates and times once set in their docket. Atty. Casurra told me that the hearing dates should be sequential so that the defense can quickly present his witnesses, as I can only presume that one defense witness will be presented each day so they can give their testimony and be properly cross-examined by prosecution. I have not yet received these new hearing dates, but once I learn of them I will post them here. On a second note, last week I was contacted through Facebook the actual arresting PNP officer who captured the suspect Jeffery Parian. Jerry Parian is believed to be one of the two hired gunmen who murdered Harry Doyle, and is presently being held without bail in Silop Prison south of Surigao City. It was certainly an interesting conversation as I was finally able to get some first-hand information on both Jeffery Parian and his brother Johnny Parian. I had previously heard that Jeffery Parian had been arrested during a shootout with the PNP during the process of serving the arrest warrant. I had been previously told that at the time of his arrest Jeffery Parian was 9th on the Caraga Ten Most Wanted Criminal list. That both Jeffery and his brother Johnny Parian were part of a gun-for-hire group calling themselves the ‘Three Kings’, as their group primarily comprised of male members from three family groups. This officer told me that both Jeffery Parian and Johnny Parian are members of a gang of hired killers locally known as the SAIDU Group and that this group is affiliated with the NPA. He said that this SAIDU group engages in extortion activities victimizing business men in the area around Claver, murder-for-hire contracting and hire out as enforcers (goons) for corrupt businessmen and even at least one local politician. He told me that he filed a separate case against Jeffry Parian for ‘Direct Assault’ and ‘Attempted Homicide’ as Jeffery Parian fired shots at him during the arrest. Luckily Jeffery failed to hit him as he was able to quickly maneuver to the rice paddy. The trial in the Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Claver has concluded and he is only waiting for the promulgation of judgement. He still feels that he and his family are in a state of danger from the remnants of their group, especially since he just recently arrested another member of that SAIDU Group. I was again told to avoid attending any upcoming hearing dates due to their predictability and possible reprisals. I personally know of multiple stalking events involving PNP investigators and prosecution witnesses during the investigation and subsequent trial. And since the recent assassination of the former judge and recent direct threats against Atty. Casurra and myself, I just may be heeding that advice. Or not, as such things just help make life more interesting here in the ‘land of the never-ending summer’.
  6. Looking for Suppliers of 24v and 12v Water Pumps

    I have been researching the net and have found some 12v/24v (marine rated) water pumps and 12v/24v aerators which appeal to me which I can purchase on Ebay or Amazon. I am going to first purchase one pump unit and one air compressor and just have them mailed here. Then I can get them in my hands so I can play with them both before I purchase dozens of them. These DC water pumps and aerators will allow me to use solar, wind, and tidal generators during brownouts. We have a lot of brownouts here on this little island. I am now looking for two DC (saltwater rated) Jacuzzi pumps
  7. New Boat Build Project - (Totally Rebuilding An Older Boat)

    The construction on the facility was put on hold during the rainy season because it was too dangerous to haul materials and work crew back and forth from the mainland. The crews have now been needed in the city after Surigao City was hammered by the 7.2 and 5.9 earthquakes. I have been using the down-time to work full-time on the drawings, research and writings. I have also been repairing, upgrading and adding new rental bungalows and building a small sari-sari store here on the island which my wife operates. Work on the facility should start again in the next couple of months once the work crew is freed up and can start being available here. Yah the boat is a nice addition. It makes it easier to run between here and the farm on Dinagat Island. We upgraded the old 8.5 hp engine and dropped in a 16hp which required the upgrading of the propeller and shaft. The canopy and wooden side seats makes it very comfortable to travel around the islands, especially during foul rainy weather and the hot sunny days.
  8. New Boat Build Project - (Totally Rebuilding An Older Boat)

  9. Lobster-crazy China sets record for US crustacean imports Patrick Whittle, Associated Press Associated Press20 March 2017 FILE - In this Thursday, Dec. 10, 2015, file photo, live lobsters are packed and weighed for overseas shipment at the Maine Lobster Outlet in York, Maine. The expanding market for lobsters in China is continuing to grow, with the country setting a new record for the value of its imports of the crustaceans from the United States. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty, File) ROCKPORT, Maine (AP) -- The expanding market for lobsters in China is continuing to grow, with the country setting a new record for the value of its imports of the crustaceans from the United States. American lobster was almost unheard of in most of China until 2010, when the value of imports grew 250 percent to about $7.4 million. Last year, China imported more than $108 million in lobsters from America, surpassing the previous high of about $90.2 million in 2014. "We've opened new markets in Asia, which is booming," said Dave Cousens, president of the Maine Lobstermen's Association. "Everything is clicking now." Chinese importers took in more than 14 million pounds of U.S. lobsters last year, which was also a record. The previous high was about 13.1 million pounds the previous year. Interest in American lobster has grown in other countries in Asia as well, such as South Korea, which grew from less than $5 million in 2010 to nearly $28 million last year. Vietnam's imports grew from $142,940 to more than $31 million in that time. One of the factors spurring the growth of lobsters in China appears to be the growth of the country's middle class, said Stephanie Nadeau, owner of The Lobster Company, in Arundel, Maine, which is a key player in the export business. American lobsters tend to be less expensive in China than other live seafood, such as spiny lobsters and geoduck clams, she said. "It's kind of an affordable luxury," Nadeau said. "One of my customers said our lobsters are one of the cheapest things in the live tanks." The uptick came in a record year for lobster catch in Maine, where most of America's lobster catch comes ashore. Fishermen caught more than 130 million pounds of lobster in Maine last year, an all-time record and more than double the 2007 total. Atlantic Canada also has a large lobster fishery and sends the same species of lobster to China. "The Asian market is a key component," said Patrick Keliher, the commissioner of the Maine Department of Marine Resources. Lobster sales to China do not appear to be slowing down in the new year. America exported more than 1.7 million pounds and $14 million in lobsters to the country in the first month of the year. https://sg.finance.yahoo.com/news/lobster-crazy-china-sets-record-163225596.html
  10. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Gunman hit again a wound a second member of the Surigao City courts in less than one week.. Surigao prosecutor hurt in gun attack By Ben Serrano (The Philippine Star) | Updated February 7, 2017 - 12:00am 0 3 googleplus0 0 BUTUAN CITY, Philippines – A prosecutor was critically wounded in a gun attack in Surigao del Norte yesterday. Surigao City prosecutor Manuel Tesiorna was initially taken to a private hospital in Surigao City for treatment then airlifted to the Perpetual Succor Hospital in Cebu City. A police report said Tesiorna was in front of his house in Barangay Canlanipa when motorcycle-riding men opened fire. The gun attack came less than a week after Victor Canoy, a former Surigao del Norte regional trial court (RTC) judge, was shot dead also by unidentified motorcycle-riding men. In September, Bayugan RTC Judge Hector Salise and his police aide were wounded in a gun attack on their way to work in this city. Ingemar Macarine, board member of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines-Surigao del Norte chapter, condemned the attacks. Nation ( Article MRec ), pagematch: 1, sectionmatch: 1 http://www.philstar....hurt-gun-attack newsinfo / Regions Surigao City prosecutor who got death threats, shot, wounded By: Danilo V. Adorador II - @inquirerdotnet Inquirer Mindanao / 04:14 PM February 06, 2017 Gun attack (CDN FILE PHOTO/ LITO TECSON) SURIGAO CITY – A government prosecutor remains in critical condition after he was shot outside his residence in Barangay Canlanipa here Monday morning, according to the police. City Prosecutor Manuel Tesiorna was washing his car just outside the gate of his house in Canlanipa Homes when a motorcycle-riding gunman shot him four times at around 7 a.m., said Police Officer 3 Johans Castillo, the investigating officer. Tesiorna, 47, was preparing his car for work when he was shot in the chest, neck and back. The assailant and his companion, who were both wearing masks, fled on board a white Honda XRM motorcycle, police said. Based on the empty shells recovered from the crime scene, police said the weapon used on Tesiorna was a 9mm pistol. A passenger motorcycle brought Tesiorna to the Miranda Family Hospital, where doctors said he needed blood transfusion. He was later airlifted to Cebu City for treatment. Tesiorna’s shooting came four days after retired Regional Trial Court judge Victor Canoy was shot to death by a lone gunman last Thursday while he was buying food at an eatery near his law office along Borja Street. Police still have no lead to Canoy’s shooting. Senior Supt. Anthony Maghari, police chief for Surigao del Norte, said Tesiorna sought and was granted police protection last week after Canoy was killed. A policeman assigned to the prosecutor was already en route to the victim’s residence when the shooting happened, Maghari said. Police have been reviewing CCTV footages and interviewing witnesses to identify the assailants, Maghari said. He said it was unlikely that one group was involved in the Canoy and Tesiorna’s shooting although he declined to elaborate, citing ongoing investigation. SFM/rga http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/868678/surigao-city-prosecutor-who-got-death-threats-shot-wounded
  11. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Retired judge shot dead in Surigao City Friday, February 03, 2017 By Pamela Jay F. Orias A RETIRED judge was shot dead by unidentified gunmen Thursday, February 2, at Borja-Rizal Street, Washington village, Surigao City. Police Officer 3 Henry Dalit, investigator of the Surigao City Police Office, identified the victim as Victor Amalia Canoy, a retired executive judge of Regional Trial Court, Branch 29. Dalit said Canoy was on his way to buy food at an eatery just across his office at about 11 a.m. Thursday, when motorcycle-riding gunmen shot Canoy in different parts of his body. Canoy died on the spot. Dalit said the two gunmen, who covered their faces with handkerchiefs to conceal their identity, used a 9 mm. pistol with a silencer. Recovered from the crime scene were three empty shells. Dalit said initially, the motive of the killing could be work-related, given the nature of his job. "Retired judge siya pero naa siya'y law office gihapon, ug amo gyud nga gituohan nga work-related ang motive sa pagpatay. Sa karon padayon pa gihapon ang investigation (He is a retired judge but he has a law office and we believe that the motive of the killing is work-related. For now, investigation is ongoing)," he said. Canoy’s family also believes that the motive behind the brutal killing is work-related and they are still in shock as the victim did not mention any problems at work in the past few days. Dalit said that a police officer, who was patrolling near the area, was able to respond and shoot one of the suspects who fled towards Kaskag area, the city's public market. Witnesses said that bloodstains were visible in the Kaskag area, which could possibly be the suspect's. Canoy, in his working years, has handled capital offenses like rape, homicide and murder cases, among others. Read more: http://www.sunstar.c...gao-city-523646 Follow us: @sunstaronline on Twitter | SunStar Philippines on Facebook
  12. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Just another day in the neighborhood on the big island of Mindanao in the land of the never-ending Summer...
  13. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Update: The murdered Retired Surigao City Judge Canoy mentioned in the above article was the judge who presided over the Arnel Sidon (former driver of Harry and Jane Doyle) shooting case that Jerome Devocion was also a suspect. Judge Canoy also resided over the proceedings of the Harry Doyle murder case until he retired last year. It was retiring from his bench post which brought the court hearing in the Harry Doyle murder case to a pause. I sincerely hope these killers are caught and face the same court. I hope family and friends of Judge Canoy get justice for his murder and I send my condolences to his family. I also have heard last week that Atty. Zerda is now residing in parts unknown, presumably someplace in Manila. I do not know if Atty. Zerda will continue to be representing Jerome Devocion or if Jerome Devocion will need new council. There seems to be a lot of speculation as to why he choose to relocate and I also do not know if Atty. Zerda is continuing his law practice here in Surigao City and therefore will not comment any further as to reasoning. We will simply have to wait until the next scheduled hearing date to see how this unfolds to answer the question if Atty. Zerda will still be part of this case. I was told a new judge has been appointed to the Surigao City courts. I heard that the newly appointed judge's courtroom is presently running half days, but currently I have no new information as to add as to when new hearing dates will be scheduled. This case just gets weirder and more weird.
  14. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Update: Ex-RTC judge in Surigao shot to death By Roel Catoto- February 2, 2017 SURIGAO CITY (MindaNews / 2 Feb) – Still unidentified riding-in-tandem suspects shot to death a retired judge here shortly before noon Thursday. Police identified the victim as Victor A. Canoy, 70, who retired as presiding judge of Regional Trial Court Judge Branch 29 in Surigao City. Canoy was reportedly buying food at an eatery along Borja Street around 11:25 a.m. when a lone gunman hastily walked behind him and shot him at point-blank range. Eyewitnesses told police investigators that Canoy crawled towards the suspect and was able to hold the feet of the gunman. But the latter shot him in the head several times, causing his instantaneous death. Police reports quoted an eyewitness as saying that the pistol used had a long muzzle, which could be a silencer. After killing the judge the gunman joined his accomplice, who was waiting on a motorcycle a few meters away from the crime scene, and fled, police said. But the fleeing suspects were surprised by the presence of a police officer who was detailed at the junction of Borja and Kaimo Streets. PO2 Hertenio Carduza Cubillan said he tried to stop the suspects but the gunman fired at him. Sensing imminent danger, Cubillan drew and shot back. “I believed he was hit by a bullet on his back,” Cubillan claimed. He said he could have open fired but a tricycle passed by, forcing him to hold his fire. The suspects reportedly fled towards Kaskag in Barangay Washington. The victim was rushed to the Caraga Regional Hospital but physicians said he was already died by the time his body reached the hospital. Police said the victim succumbed to multiple gunshot wounds in the body and head. As of press time, no suspects have been arrested yet in connection to the killing. The police’s scene of the crime operatives (SOCO) recovered four empty 9mm shells and three live ammunition. (Roel N. Catoto / MindaNews) http://www.mindanews...-shot-to-death/
  15. Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City