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jamesmusslewhite

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About jamesmusslewhite

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    Emperor of the Moon, Inventor of Atmosphere
  • Birthday 03/06/1958

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    Navalca St. Purok 9, San Juan, Surigao City
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    computers, Horticulture, agriculture, farming, fishing, hugging my wife daily, and playing with my son, and pissing off people on the forum.

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  1. Well the additional bamboo lengths have been ordered and are presently being cut. I expect they will start being delivered sometime later this week. The bamboo used to build the frame which were shown in all the previous photos were harvested from a property owned by my business partner. So I could not post a market cost of the bamboo used in the construction of the frame pictured above. These 40 new additional lengths which will be used to construct the walkway around the main net enclosure are being purchased, which will allow me establish an accurate cost assessment for the bamboo material used for this project. Once I have collected all the additional bamboo lengths and have the bamboo walkway thoroughly lashed together then I can accurately calculate the total costs of bamboo, nylon line and labor used to construct the floating bamboo frame as well as a reasonable time assessment to complete such a project. I will later post all this information onto the thread. We also purchased a bundle of the netting which will be used to fabricate the main net enclosure and should be able to start cutting the net pattern later this week. The pattern will consist of four net sides and two net bottoms, the reason for two net bottoms pieces is that the net enclosure will have a double-layered floor. This enclosure will eventually house upwards of 800 market size Sub-adult individuals each weighing in access of 500grams, so fabricating this net enclosure to have a duel-layered net flooring is a reasonable precaution. The individual pieces of the net pattern will be sewed together using a heavy nylon fishing line
  2. jamesmusslewhite

    Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    I am sure Harry is chuckling at the whole ordeal as I doubt he would want it any other way. 5 years of drama and 2 spots on W5 with no end coming anytime soon? Yah he is absolutely loving this..
  3. The frame is constructed of a medium size lightweight bamboo lengths, which is lashed together with nylon monofilament 1.90mm line which is 150lbs.test rated, the local hardware stores simply referrer to it as #150 nylon. The can be as large or small as you like, but the preference for this project is a base measurement of (2 meter x 2 meter). This will allow the base to have a sufficient width to withstand wave action of the sea, while still being small enough to be easily deployed or removed from the water by a fisherman working solo using a small wooden boat. These floating platforms will most likely be deployed well within 200 yards of the shoreline in a water depth of less than 9 meters. The base of the platform consist of three layers of bamboo . This allows the base of the framework to have the necessary tensile strength needed to withstand constant wave action, and the stresses imposed by the weight and constant tugging and pulling of the mooring lines and the five lines of mesh bundles which will be tied to the bottom of the frame. The bottom of the base frame will also be used to hash the flotation (plastic Jerry cans) in place once the frame is completed. The roof of the platform is a pyramidal bamboo frame which is used to house a emitting light source and a foul weather shield. For my own purposes I will use a galvanized metal wash tub (inverted) with an additional sheet tin shroud added, with all the interior and exterior surfaces painted a reflective white using marine rated paint. For my light source I will use simple kerosene (hand-pump pressured) fuel lamps. These are extremely dependable and lightweight requiring only the occasional replacements of spent mantles. Kerosene pressure lamps can generate the bright light needed to attract swimming Pueruli towards the platform. The white painted inside of the metal frame helps to reflect the lamp light towards the water surface, but also serves two other functions. a) The (inverted) metal tub with the added metal shroud acts a a rain guard to prevent the rain from contacting the hot glass globe. b) Acts as a heat guard protecting the flammable bamboo framework as fuel lamps can get extremely hot during long usage. Most kerosene lamp have a minimum of 1 pint fuel reserve which is sufficient for 8-10 hours continuous operation. The illumination rate of an average single-wick lamp is approximately 784 lumens which is on par with a 60 Watt light bulb, and double-wick lamps can produce the light equivalent to that of a 100 Watt bulb. They also generate lots of heat, so properly venting that rising heat is important. Some may of course will want to use unleaded gasoline instead of kerosene, but there is an increased chance of a fireball if there is leaking of gasoline around seals especially during times of heavy waves action. I could always use rechargeable LED lamps, fuel generators or use fuel lamps which are converted to use vegetable oils, but for the legitimacy of test I must use the simple materials and methods which will most likely be used by the average poorer small scale fishermen. They would not be able to purchase more expensive lighting systems. Simplicity is the methodology upon I will be establishing my primary baseline of the study, so I will be be employing the K.I.S.S. philosophy and good ole jungle-engineering during this project. The framework has been fabricated in a miniature straw model which shows that is is durable enough to withstand the multiple directional stresses the framework will experience when deployed. So I am confident that the design is sound. My drawings which I have posted in this post only show the primary placement of the main bamboo used in the framework of the base. These drawings do not include the and do not show the braces do not show all the inner bracing and placement of cross-braces. This shows the placement of the plastic 'Jerry' cans which will be used for buoyancy. These will be lashed to the bottom of the bamboo frame. There are some additional bracing which must be added first to the framework which are not shown in these drawings. These will be discussed later in this thread. This shows a 2D view showing the light placement, bamboo frame and placement of the plastic 'Jerry' cans. These plastic cans are quite common here in the Philippines for shipping cooking oils, coconut wines, coconut vinegar an soy sauces. You can also easily find them being sold in local stores so they can be used to carry and store water and fuel. they are perfect for lashing the plastic 'Jerry' cans onto the bamboo framework. Of course one can substitute these plastic cans for blocks of Styrofoam or other types of jugs, containers or small barrels. As long as it floats it will work, but always be mindful to keep the bottom of the frame as clutter-free as possible. This is so it will be easy to employ and harvest the 'net bundles' and to insure that as much light as possible can be delivered to the water surface below the platform.
  4. This is a spin-off thread from the 'Building a Small Lobster Hatchery here in the Philippines' http://www.philippines-expats.com/topic/26117-building-a-small-lobster-hatchery-here-in-the-philippines/?tab=comments#comment-192173 . I will be discussing several types of lobster Pueruli traps which are commonly used with success in pueruli collection in neighboring countries, but have yet to be widely used here in the Philippines. I have designed two variations which I am now ready to start making which I will use over on Dinagat Island. These two prototypes are a floating 'light' trap and a coconut log trap which will be durable, inexpensive to construct and easy to use and maintenance. These will be used to safely 'live capture' lobster Pueruli (plural)/Puerulus (singular) for research. I will be maintaining logs to document nightly catch numbers throughout the collection season, details as to preferred locations and water depths. The captured Pueruli will be quickly relocated to 'nursery grow-out' nets where they will be properly sized and monitors. This will allow be log weekly growth and weight rates, as well as weekly mortality rates. I imagine most readers of this thread do not know what a Pueruli or Puerulus are or what they even look like. This little sea bug is commonly referred to as a seedling, seed or fingerling in most text you will read, and it is the very heart of the lobster aquacultural industry. This is a Puerulus of the species Panulirus ornatus commonly referred to as the '''Ornate Rock Lobster' or 'Tiger Lobster' and is one of eight different species of Panulirus lobsters commonly found in these waters around the islands of the Philippines. It grows the fastest and the largest of any species of lobster in this region, and is most prized by the Asian markets (Singapore, S.Korea, Japan, Hong Kong and China). It yields 38% more usable meat per individual (per weight size) than do North American and European lobsters species, and the meat yielded has been proven to possess a creamer texture and sweeter tasting meat. Sorry Canada, Maine and Europe but the fact is that your clawed lobsters are actually considered as 2nd rate compared to these puppies. And here they swim to shore nine months out of the year (free from the sea) and to lobster aquaculture they are literally swimming gold. From this size small size a 'Tiger' lobster can, in less than 24 months, grow to over 1 kilo (1,000grams) and be worth over 2,800php per kilo (1,000gram) when sold to the lobster buyers. This is the floating 'light' trap which I designed, and I will first build five units which will be deployed in a small fishing village where I have a small beach front lot facing the Philippine Sea and the Pacific Ocean. We are within walking distance to town of Cagdianao which is a know hot-spot for lobster, but the fishermen have yet learned of these two methods which I will be employing. If proven successful this will allow far more locals to generate a viable revenue stream, while helping to also provide easier access and more abundance to healthy seedlings for the lobster growers. The platform is constructed of bamboo and deployed generally in areas at a water depth of less than 9 meters. Nylon cord is tied to the bottom of the frame and suspend bundles of netting (1 meter apart) down to the seafloor. The platforms I will be building will each suspend five lines of net bundles. These are deployed during the 'New Moon' cycles when the Pueruli are swimming to shore under the cover of darkness. You can see by the drawing that suspended in the center of the frame is a lamp. This lamp can be fuel, battery or electric and is centered over the floating platform to help attract the incoming swimming Pueruli to the suspended bundle traps. Researchers have learned that the primary settlement of Pueruli are within 2 meters of the surface and 2 meters of the sea floor. The Pueruli are naturally drawn to the light source similar to that of a common moth. The light attracts the Pueruli directly under the platform where the suspended mesh bundles then entice them to settle within the bundled netting. These are harvested around midnight and at sunrise. The traps are deployed before dusk and collected after dawn when they are harvested. One advantage with these units is once they are deployed the fishermen can continue fishing and only has to attend to the unit to replenish fuel for the lamps or late-night harvesting. The drawing of mine bellow shows the second prototype that I will be building over the next few weeks, which is a Vietnam style 'Coconut Log' Puerulus Trap. I will be building 5 units for my own research and will be deploying them in the same location were I will be using the floating 'light' traps. This year I will use the five 'floating light traps' and the five 'coconut log traps' mainly to locate the best locations and water depths to use them. Then next year I will deploy 10 units each in a study I will be conducting where I can monitor the complete season. I intend to monitor three seasons and then compile the data, then I can share this data with the various fisheries departments. These units will be durable, inexpensive and easy to make and are permanently anchored to the sea floor during the whole of the collection season (9 months). These placed in locations with a minimum water depth of 2 meters, and are harvested each morning during the collection season. The floating 'light'' traps are more complex to deploy and use which restricts their usage for many poorer fishermen, but the 'coconut log traps are extremely low cost and being permanently located in the shallows allows poorer fishermen to build and maintain them. I have yet found any credible documentation showing the average yearly collection numbers capable of either trap type. What I have found says they were successful at collecting Pueruli, but not documented yearly results. My curiosity drives me to find out for myself, because if both types prove to be productive it could be a huge benefit to rural fishing communities. This photo shows a Vietnam style 'Coconut Log' trap in usage, and actually shows several Puerulus who have settled in the shallow holes. You can see that they back into the hole and use their antenna to monitor the conditions outside of their newly settled habitats. If you look closely at the lower photo you can see their antenna protruding from the holes. Just those three Puerulus could easily net that fisherman 600php, and if he has 4 traps or more which each had 3 tenets to collect that fisherman would have net 2,400php that morning. One could then see such a simple thing could have on a poor fisherman and his family as well as the community. Many expats have family who are dependent on the sea and such a venture would require very little venture capital for a start-up. The in the study I will be starting next year I will also be using several other Pueruli trap types and methods, but I feel these two mentioned above may be the most promising. That is why I wanted to build these 10 units so I could play around with them this year so I could perhaps learn where best to deploy them before I begin the study. Once I have these completed and in operation I will then see about perhaps building prototypes of the others. I still have to finish the floating 'net' platform and I have a small pier to build as well as a floating PVC net system for use in the saltwater facility behind the hatchery facility. I will see what time allows me in the future.
  5. For many years I owned and operated a full-service residential/commercial landscaping and grounds maintenance company in North Houston, Woodlands, Kingwood/Atascocita and Humble areas which maintained well over 150 properties a week. These properties were primarily large estate homes, apartment complexes, subdivision model homes, business parks and a dozen McDonalds. Commercial gas trimmers were used to trim all bed edges and concrete edges of the lawn areas, as they would not damage curbs and sidewalks, so we chewed through a lot of trimmer cord quickly. We used the heavy bump-fed heads which used the thick #105 line which is actually wound in both directions inside the bump-fed heads, so I can fully appreciate just how aggravating what a seemly easy task can sometimes actually become. Most will probably look at the photos in this thread and think that just anyone can lash nylon to bamboo, and for the most part they are right. But to lash a frame that could be pounded by waves, bumped by boats and have workers climbing all over it takes far more skill than one would imagine. Now those who fish have a far more appreciation of just how difficult it is to lash, tie and knot nylon line an be; as it is usually the reason for all those ''the big one that got away'' tales. That is why I stated earlier that it is best to get someone who is experienced with working with traditional boat outriggers and with bamboo. I am fortunate to have a brother-in-law who is an experienced second-generation traditional boat builder who has worked with bamboo all is life. He built my last boat which I wrote about in my boat building thread. Nylon is not even his preference as he refers the a particular fiber from a local vine which grows in this region, but it would take a lot of time and effort to gather enough to do this project. Nylon it tough to cinch and even tougher on the hands as it must be kept taught at all times while lashing, and kept even tighter when working on the 'cinch knots' because you must keep the line taught at all times when working on the lashing. I merely helped to try to keep the line taught and would feed the line back to Ansong so it would be easier for him, and even then my hands would cramp and blister. Now I live in the middle of fishermen and I was amazed how many of these locals would come sit just to watch attentively at Ansong as he was working on the lashings and the bamboo frame. It is a skill that looks real easy until you do it yourself. Ansong makes it look easy only because he spent years developing the craft. All those lashings and only one time did the nylon line actually snap on him while being cinched tightly.
  6. I think it is important to discuss the lashing and the 'cinching knot' which is used in the middle of each lashing. It is this cinching knot that gives the lashing its true strength. The lashing needs to be as tight as possible to insure the bamboo framework has the strength needed to withstand the stresses of day-to-day usage. The primary tool used to tighten both the lashing and the cinch knot is either a hammer or a strong stick (without sharp edges). The hammer or stick is used to tap the wound nylon line together and straight and used as a lever to tighten the lashed nylon lines as the lashing is being done. The wooden lever is particularly important when tightly cinching the 'cinch knot' in middle of each lashing (between the connected bamboo lengths). The nylon line is simply wrapped around the handle or stick allowing the lashed nylon line to be pulled tightly. The most important part of the lashing between two lengths of bamboo is the cinching knot in the middle of the lashing. It is this cinch knot which provides the real strength to the lashing. Once the lashing has been tightly wound around the two lengths of bamboo it is time for the cinching knot. This is done by wrapping the line a few times in the middle of the lashing. Then the line is twisted several times around itself as it is being wrapped together. By wrapping the nylon around itself it will tighten together as it is being lightened by the lever action of the hammer handle. As the nylon is cinched the middle cinching knot tightens on itself, and when completed all that is needed is to tie an end knot to insure the cinching knot will not loosen in the future. In the photo below I placed yellow arrows to show some of these cinching knots. Wherever two lengths of bamboo are lashed together there will be a cinch knot, and each one needs to be cinched tightly as bamboo tends to shrink a little as it continues to dry and these lashings are the only thing holding the bamboo frame together.
  7. Excellent question and one which will be covered in detail in the following post.
  8. After the first day working on the railings we had added all the bracings, cross-braces and up-rights needed to complete the first side of the platform. We rotated the platform late in the afternoon so we would be prepared to start work on the opposite side of the platform frame early the next morning. By rotating the platform it allowed us to be able to work on the frame in the shallow water which not only made us more mobile at our tasks, but also us to better utilize leverage when cinching the nylon lashings. Doing so makes it much easier to duplicate the braces and up-rights need for this side of the frame. To add all the bracing, cross-braces and uprights to all four sides of the framework actually took three long days for my brother-in-law and myself to complete. So it is early morning and were are excited to get the show on the road. Having completed the first side we had tackled any issue which had arisen and we had hoped to complete this side, and with luck at least temporarily lash in place the top-rails of the third and forth side of the platform frame. This was going to be a long, hot, sticky day but we were finally seeing the platform frame portion of this project getting near to completion. We had hit our work goal the evening before so we were able to start on the railings of the 3rd and 4th sides of the platforms early the next morning. This of course still required adding all the rest of the bracings, cross-braces and uprights but we felt it was doable. We had nice weather and we were motivated My brother-in-law also needed to get back to his own nets in Dinagat Island so he could attend to his own lobsters. Some readers may remember my thread showing how we built our last lobster hut in Cabunga-an, Dinagat Island. His wife was staying on the lobster hut shown in that thread, so she could tend to their lobsters, while Ansong was helping me build this platform frame. He had caught enough fish which allowed him to travel from Dinagat Island and stay with us as we worked on the project, but he needed to get back before the fish and shells ran out. This was one of the driving forces which had us both working at such a pace so the project would be complete before he left for home. It was cool to see the frame finally coming together after all the sketches and revisions, and the straw models I crafted to test and verify that the design was actually sound. To actually be able to finally see the actual platform floating there had a certain sense of satisfaction. I had been waiting patiently for the time to come when I could actually build the prototype. I still will have to apply 1-2 gallons of marine epoxy to the bamboo frame. This is because the bamboo used is a thin-walled bamboo which can and will crack as it dries. The marine epoxy will seal and bond the long crack lines in some spots, which will prevent water from seeping into the bamboo lengths. This will help extend the life of the bamboo by minimizing potential accelerated decay of the bamboo due to water saturation during long rains, but the epoxy will also aid in the overall strength of the platform over the next couple of years that it will be in use. though it is extremely light weight the platform is very strong and will be quite durable. It is possible that I may build another just like it this time next year. Two men have built this bamboo frame in less than two weeks and now that we have figured out exactly how to construct this design, it will be possible to shave a few days off the construction time. I have free access to the needed bamboo so the biggest expense is the 55gallon plastic drums, labor, nylon and the various mooring ropes and lines. So if one is built each Spring than I could keep two unites in constant operation and can retire a unit every two years, and simply recycle the 55gallon plastic barrels and use them in the replacement unit. This platform still needs 10 additional long bamboo lengths for each side which will be the actual walkway (40 pieces in total) and the various netting to make the different net enclosures and the shadecloth needed for the canopy. Those items are presently being collected, even as we speak, and should make for some interesting reading in the weeks to come as each of those tasks are tackled.
  9. Thank you. I write the types of threads to give expats ideas they may try to pursue. There are so many expats who own farmland or have property near or own lakes, river-ways or near the ocean who are seeking ventures they can start that will generate additional revenue streams. Some may be simply hobbyist looking for ideas to keep them occupied, or trying to find ideas for their in-laws to help keep them out of their hair. I wish this forum had a farm and gardening section as I have over 30 years experience as a commercial horticulturist and a strong background in botany, biology, agriculture and aquaculture in tropical and subtropical environments. I retired at age 50 and moved here to Surigao and only after a couple of years I realized that retirements sucks. I am lucky that my particular skill-sets adapt quite well here and I tend to always keep myself busy. This hatchery has so many facets that it keeps me preoccupied with research on a myriad of different subjects and topics. So as I start on each project I enjoy taking photos and writing about the progress in a step-by-step format. I figure that if someone has wanted to start similar projects that the treads can give them an idea what it will take to do so. Perhaps they can say, ''Hell I can do that, in fact I can even do that better.''
  10. jamesmusslewhite

    Canadian Citizen Killed In Surigao City

    Well as I had earlier posted that a judge had been assigned to the court and that seven court dates had been assigned. The April 4 and 5 hearing dates were postponed by the judge and rescheduled and of course those hearing dates were rescheduled. The April 9th hearing date was accidentally scheduled on a government holiday which was of course rescheduled for another day. Oddly enough the remaining hearing dates of April 11th,12th,16th and 18th should have continue as previously scheduled; but each date the defense lawyers for the defendants Jerome Devocion and Jeffery Parian asked that they be rescheduled. I believe this pushes the dates up into September or November. The reasoning for each rescheduling request I really do not know. There can be a lot of reasons for these delays especially in a case that has dragged on for so long. Perhaps difficulty reaching or locating defense witnesses or their inability to get to the court on time; as some may now live great distances or must use pumpboat services which can be greatly affected by the weather and load capacity. We have had some serious weather here in Surigao over the last two weeks so this is certainly a possibility, Perhaps miscommunication among the lawyers or their having other cases scheduled on the same dates, as I am quite sure this is quite often the case with such a busy courthouse. I am not certain that Arry. Zerda is still representing in the same capacity and I know of at least one lawyer who has been newly assigned to the defense. I am quite sure the two defendants would like to finally have their day in court to plead their cases and claim their innocence allowing them one day closer to their freedom if found innocent of the charges. But they must still languish in Silap Prison and rely on the actions of their council and the dependability of their own witnesses. I have to admit that I am rather glad that I did not attend any of the hearing dates as it is a hassle to appear only to sit there and have the case rescheduled for a later date, as there is rarely any advance warning. I have been told not to attend any of the remaining dates out of safety concerns due to personal threats. If and when anything significant arises I will be well informed, and as usual I will post that which I am legally allowed to post as the trial is ongoing and Philippine law sets limitations as what can be written.
  11. I can not stress enough just how important it is to insure all the nylon lashes are tightly wound and securely tied. During use there can at time be considerable stress on the framework, and the only thing that is keeping this frame together is those nylon lashings. Use a premium grade nylon line and hire someone who is experienced with working with bamboo as well as being experienced with lashing bamboo with nylon line. There is a science to it and only experienced boat builders know how to do it properly. I am fortunate that my brother-in-law is experienced at both skills and has the work ethic to do things properly and not cut corners. Those who read my thread on the complete boat rebuild project I completed a few yeas back will remember him as he built the 'Arthur 1' boat for me. Boat builders learn how to properly lash the outriggers together where they are strong enough to handle regular usage in the sea, where a failure due to spotty-workmanship could be catastrophic. Here Ansong is working on one of the corner cross-braces, and you can see how all surfaces which can be lashed together are very strongly lashed together without exception. This platform has a short railing completely around its middle. This serves three primary functions: a) to attach the inner net enclosure to allowing the netting to be elevated at least 1 meter above the waterline, so if in case heavy wave action housed lobster will not be able to escape, as well as help with security. b) to help attendants working around the net enclosure as it allows them leverage when attending the stock, as it will allow them to sit on and lean against the top railing as they work; and the top railing will also help the attendants from accidentally falling into the net enclosure. c) It will be used to secure a shade-cloth canopy over the inner net enclosure. It is for this reason that the top railing must be so heavily braced and thoroughly lashed together. As you see in this photo of the first corner that there are two up-right braces. The one on the right is the primary brave which is lashed heavily to the platform frame. This up-right helps to insure that even under heavy stress what the corners will neither twist or collapse. The up-right on the left is used to support any weight which might be placed onto the top rail such as a attendants when working over the top of the railings, or my big butt sitting on top of the railing. The above photo shows the up-rights in the middle of the railing. Two up-rights (right and left) are heavenly lashed to the platform frame, and the middle up-right is the support for the top of the railing to prevent possible sagging when under weight. (like my big butt sitting on it) This photo is of the other corner which of course uses the same up-rights for the same reasons. But this corner does differ from all the rest as there is a ladder being installed in this corner so workers and myself can easily enter and exit the water inside the net enclosure. The ladder frame will be built in two sections because the bottom of the ladder will sit so closely to the waterline. There is a chance that this may cause the bottom of the ladder to rot more quickly which will require replacement sometime in the future. By building the ladder frame in two sections it will make this replacement far more easier, as only the bottom two steps will need to be replaced. while allowing the upper portion of the ladder frame to remain firmly lashed and supported to the framework of the platform. I have always believed that it is best to resolve a potential issue before it ever becomes an issue. Once the ladder was completed the whole frame was turned 180 degrees so we could actually test the ladder design. This was done by my actually jumping in the water and seeing if I could pull my big butt out of the water using the ladder. I was successful at said task though it required the whole bottom step and probably neither graceful nor pretty. (sorry no photos as to prevent possible trauma to readers)
  12. There are two barrels which must have an additional length of bamboo added as a spacer to allow the barrels to sit lower. This is needed so all of the barrels will sit in the water at the same level. The issue is possible wave action damage to the frame ii either of these two bamboo spacers were to be knocked loose. To avoid this from happening we will use bamboo dowels. These dowels are hammered through both the long bamboo lengths and the bamboo spacer lengths. These bamboo dowels are quite easy to make with a saw and a sharp chisel. A hole is drilled through the two lengths of bamboo, and then the bamboo dowel is driven through the hole like a long spike. And once lashed together with the nylon line there are firmly bound together. When the time comes to add these two barrel assemblies to the framework, they will both sit on sound footing as these spacers will not twist or slip if hit by waves. And now that we have the the corner braces properly lashed in place, we know that the frame can now be pulled to the sheltered side of the island, without fear of the frame folding or being knocked off square. Once the frame is safely relocated and tied into place we inspect the frame to insure it is squared at each corner. As you can see in the photo we got up before sunrise the next morning so we could begin adding the rest of the frame bracing. It was a rather nasty overcast morning but we were not going to this dampen our spirits. .
  13. Well I figured that I keep mentioning the lashing together of the bamboo lengths with a #150 nylon monofilament line, so I thought it best to actually show what us being used. this is a quality line which I was fortunate to discover being sold here in Surigao City. the locals call it #150 but it is actually a 1.90mm line which is test 150lbs. rated as we finished lashing the six long lengths to the two corners the time has come to start adding the needed braces which will give the frame strength. There is quite a bit of bracing which must be added and we want to keep the frame as square as possible as we work our way around the frame. the bamboo sections must be held tightly as the lengths are tightly lashed together. It is certainly a a two man task to do it correctly as it is paramount that every lashing is a tight as possible..
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